Cycloidal gearboxes or reducers consist of four basic components: a high-speed input shaft, an individual or substance cycloidal cam, cam followers or rollers, and a slow-speed output shaft. The input shaft attaches to an eccentric drive member that cycloidal gearbox induces eccentric rotation of the cycloidal cam. In substance reducers, the first an eye on the cycloidal cam lobes engages cam fans in the casing. Cylindrical cam followers act as teeth on the inner gear, and the number of cam fans exceeds the number of cam lobes. The second track of compound cam lobes engages with cam fans on the output shaft and transforms the cam’s eccentric rotation into concentric rotation of the result shaft, thus increasing torque and reducing swiftness.
Compound cycloidal gearboxes provide ratios ranging from only 10:1 to 300:1 without stacking levels, as in standard planetary gearboxes. The gearbox’s compound reduction and will be calculated using:
where nhsg = the amount of followers or rollers in the fixed housing and nops = the quantity for followers or rollers in the sluggish speed output shaft (flange).
There are many commercial variations of cycloidal reducers. And unlike planetary gearboxes where variations derive from gear geometry, heat therapy, and finishing procedures, cycloidal variations share simple design principles but generate cycloidal movement in different ways.
Planetary gearboxes are made of three fundamental force-transmitting elements: a sun gear, three or more satellite or planet gears, and an interior ring gear. In a typical gearbox, the sun gear attaches to the input shaft, which is linked to the servomotor. The sun gear transmits motor rotation to the satellites which, in turn, rotate within the stationary ring equipment. The ring gear is portion of the gearbox housing. Satellite gears rotate on rigid shafts linked to the earth carrier and trigger the planet carrier to rotate and, thus, turn the result shaft. The gearbox provides output shaft higher torque and lower rpm.
Planetary gearboxes generally have one or two-equipment stages for reduction ratios which range from 3:1 to 100:1. A third stage could be added for even higher ratios, but it is not common.
The ratio of a planetary gearbox is calculated using the next formula:
where nring = the amount of teeth in the internal ring gear and nsun = the number of tooth in the pinion (input) gear.
Benefits of cycloidal gearboxes
• Zero or very-low backlash remains relatively constant during existence of the application
• Rolling instead of sliding contact
• Low wear
• Shock-load capacity
• Torsional stiffness
• Flat, pancake design
• Ratios exceeding 200:1 in a compact size
• Quiet operation
Ever-Power Cycloidal Equipment technology is the far excellent choice in comparison with traditional planetary and cam indexing products.